lunes, 6 de mayo de 2019

More tips for the exam

  • Writing: here you are an example of an email with some tips or this one and this example
  • Listening: again go to this link to practise
  • Speaking: it's important to make questions and to answer them as long as possible. Don't forget the structure of questions:
    • WH-word + auxiliary + subject + verb + the rest of the sentence
    • WH-words: when/who/what/where/why/how often/how long/how much/how many...
  • Some examples you can use in the oral exam are:
    • What did you do last holidays?  //  What are you doing next holidays?
    • Where did you go? How did you go there?  //  Where are you going?
    • Who did you go with?  //  Who are you going with?
    • Did you enjoy? Why?
    • Do you usually do that?  etc.
  •  Exercise of Questions and Answers: we'll give you the answer and you have to write the question; e.g.:
    • ___What did you buy yesterday_________ ? I bought some fruit yesterday.
    • ___How often do you come to class____? I come to class twice a week.
    • __Why didn't you come to class yesterday___?  Because I was ill yesterday morning.
Remember there is a list for the oral exam.

martes, 30 de abril de 2019

Listening comprehension exercises and videos to practise oral part

Here have you a link for practising listening:
Let's take the oral topics and watch some videos as examples. Remember that they are only suggestions; you don't have to do it in the same way:

miércoles, 24 de abril de 2019

Comparatives and Superlatives

This is what I explained in class; I hope you'll see it as useful as I tried to do it.

Comparing qualities
This is what you do when you compare 2 things or people; you use an adjective and you should use the comparative form. Look at this chart: 

1 syllable
2 syllables
3 or more syllables
You add -ER THAN

clean = cleaner than
big = bigger than yours
dry = drier than

Ending in -y = -IER THAN

easy = easier
friendly = friendlier
lovely = lovelier
You use MORE --- THAN

expensive = more expensive than
beautiful = more beautiful than

Exceptions:
more bored than
Ending in consonant = 
MORE --- THAN
careful = more careful than
boring = more boring than
Adverbs ending in -LY =
MORE --- THAN
easily = more easily than

The superlative form is very similar:

1 syllable
2 syllables
3 or more syllables
You add  THE  -EST

clean = the cleanest
big = the biggest
dry = the driest

Ending in -y = THE  -IEST 

easy = the easiest
friendly = the friendliest
lovely = the loveliest
You use THE MOST --- in ...

the most expensive car in the market
the most beautiful picture in the museum

Exceptions:
the most bored child 
Ending in consonant = 
THE MOST --- in the ...
careful = the most careful person
boring = the most boring film
Adverbs ending in -LY =
THE MOST --- in ...
easily = the most easily built

Apart from these, remember there are irregular comparatives and superlatives:

ADJECTIVE/ADVERB COMPARATIVE SUPERLATIVE
good / well better (than) the best
bad / badly worse the worst
far farther / further the farthest / furthest
little (for quantities/qualities) less the least
much / many (plural)
(for quantities/qualities)
more the most

If you want to practise I really recommend doing comparisons orally. You can start with:
  • a dog, a cat and a canary
  • a Mercedes, a Fiat and a Ferrari
  • a car, a bicycle a bus
  • a house, a flat and a caravan
Example: I prefer a dog because it's nicer than a cat but a cat is more independant. A canary is the dirtiest but it's the easiest to have in a flat. A dog needs more room and more care than a cat.

If you need more practice with exercises, you can do it in these webpages:
Hope it's clear and you can use it!

jueves, 11 de abril de 2019

Practising oral part 1: conversations

In the oral exam you have a converstion with one or two classmates. You have to speak about one of these topics and you have questions to make and to answer your mate's questions.
Let's see the topics:
  • YOU: name, age, marital status, family, occupation, nationality...
  • FAMILY: describe your family and say something about each member
  • YOUR FRIEND(S): your best friend and describe him/her (use adjectives and questions like the ones you use in the topic YOU)
  • YOUR HOBBIES: what you do in your free time, frequency, where, why, etc. Include what you CAN do and what you CAN´T.
  • YOUR HOUSE: rooms, furniture, your room, describing a room...
  • FOOD: what you usually eat (for breakfast, lunch or dinner), what you hate eating, if you cook or not, why...
  • GOING TO A RESTAURANT/COFFEE SHOP: ask for something to eat, to drink, how much it is, etc.
  • GOING SHOPPING: buying a souvenir, buying clothes, what size you need, how much it is/they are, you like it/them in red/bigger/smaller...
  • GOING TO A HOTEL: at the reception desk, where the elevator/lift is, problems in your room, time for breakfast...
  • YOUR CITY: where you live, what to do there, what you like/don't like, why you like/don't like it, a special place for you...
  • GIVING DIRECTIONS: how I can get to the station, if there is a supermarket near hear, if it's far, to say first right, opposite the church, past the traffic lights, take first left...
  • YOUR ROUTINES: in the morning, in the afternoon and in the evening
  • YOUR FREE TIME: at weekends (on Saturday morning/afternoon/evening)
  • YOUR HABITUAL HOLIDAYS: in the morning, in the afternoon and in the evening/at night
  • PAST ACTIONS: what you did yesterday, what you did last weekend
  • YOUR LAST HOLIDAYS: where, when, how, who with...
  • YOUR PLANS: for tomorrow (a weekday), for next week
  • YOUR NEXT HOLIDAYS: where, when, how, who with...
Revise the vocabulary and the grammar to be able to speak about these topics and remember you have questions and answers so it may be of great help to see what to do in each conversation. This is an example to make you see how to do it:

TOPIC: YOU

QUESTIONS
ANSWERS
What’s your name?
María Gimenez
Can you spell your surname, please?
G-I-M-E-N-E-Z
Where are you from?
I’m from Madrid but I live in Alcalá
How old are you?
I´m 37
Are you married?
Yes, I am
Do you have any children?
Do you have any brothers and sisters?
Yes, I have two, a son and a daughter
Yes, I have two brothers and a sister
What are their names?
Pedro and Laura  
How old are they?
Pedro is 7 and Laura is 5; they are at school
Pedro is 32, he’s a doctor and Laura is 21 and she’s a student
What do you do? What’s your job?
I´m a teacher, I work in a secondary school
Do you like it?
I love it. It’s really interesting but a bit hard
Do you live in Alcalá?
Yes, I live in a flat near the school

Do the same with the other topics. Then you can use your mobile to record the questions and you can practise orally answering the questions you hear on the mobile.

To finish with, remember this is a conversation so make 2 or 3 questions and let your partner ask you his/her questions. Give as much information as possible and try to be natural. If you don't understand something in particular, ask your partner to repeat it (Sorry, can you repeat, please?).

See you after Easter holiday!

miércoles, 10 de abril de 2019

Revision exercises

Let's start with the review of the course. We're working with present continuous as a future tense so you can do these exercises:

lunes, 18 de marzo de 2019

Giving and asking for directions

This unit 11 deals with directions so let's start with the vocabulary. If you go to this link you'll find the main instructions: verbs and prepositions; click here

There is another link of BBC giving you some clues about how to ask for directions: typical questions and useful words. And this is for specific places in town: click here

This is a listening exercise to practise with directions: click here

This exercise is for using prepositions and vocabulary revision: click here

Usuful travel sentences about directions: click here

Here you are many videos to practise. I hope you enjoy watching them but don't try to learn them all because some are really difficult for your level; just use them as ways of practising:

martes, 5 de marzo de 2019

Irregular verbs

We have started with past simple and we have seen there are 2 big groups:
  • REGULAR: verbs in which you add -ED to the infinitive; e.g. work - worked - worked
  • IRREGULAR: you have different forms in past and past participle; e.g. find - found -found
If you want more information, click on these links: here
The problem with regular verbs is the pronunciation because it's a bit difficult:
  • / d / : the most usual one; e.g. played, studied, preferred (ending in vowel sound+-ED);listened, changed, travelled, lived  (ending in voiced the consonants) 
  • / t / : with voiceless consonants; e.g. asked, washed, stopped (remember the trick: PeTaKaSh)
  • / id / : ending in /d/ or /t/; you have an extra syllable; e.g. end - ended
For irregular verbs, look at the list with the pattern (A-A-A, A-B-B, A-B-C, A-B-A) : clikc here

How to learn irregular verbs? There are many activities, but try to do it orally better than writing:
  • the alphabet: verbs starting with...
  • by topics: senses; habitual actions; money; learning, etc.
  • by pattern: tell me 5 verbs A-A-A, A-B-B, A-B-C, etc.
  • by groups of pronunciation: /i:/  /e/  /e/ (read, read, read; feel, felt, felt)  or --- /ot/  /ot/ (buy, bought, bought; catch, caught, caught) 
  • by mimic: you show your partner the action by mimic (e.g. swim, eat, write, read, think...)
  • What did you do yesterday? (in the morning, in the afternoon, in the evening) 
If you want to work with written exercises, go to these links:
To help you with the pronunciation you can go to this link where there are videos to know how to say the most common irregular verbs.







miércoles, 27 de febrero de 2019

Past simple - WAS/WERE

In class we saw past simple of the verb to be. Remember that we use it in this way:
  • WAS ---- in singular; e.g. I was tired yesterday, she was very nice
  • WERE ---- in plural; e.g. There were many people, we were at home
  • Remember: you were a small girl   but   you were small girls
If you want to practise, there are many exercises like these ones:
If you want to review present simple, this is a video that can help you.
This is another video that you can use: click here

To finish with, here is there a video with an old but beautiful song: The House of the Rising Sun

jueves, 21 de febrero de 2019

There is / There are and prepositions

In few words, you use it in this way:
  • THERE IS: for singular ;  there's a chair;  there isn't much light here
  • THERE ARE: for plural;  there are some pictures but there aren't any photos
This link is very useful to see this: click here
You can go to a previous entry to work with this grammar point  but there are some more  here:
See you in class!

miércoles, 13 de febrero de 2019

Clothes

There are many lists of vocabulary of clothes. Here are there some examples:
If you like Mr. Bean, here is there a video to work with present continuous. Enjoy it!

lunes, 4 de febrero de 2019

Present continuous and habitual present

In lesson 9 we start with present continuous. Remember the difference between both:

  • habitual present is connected to habits, something you usually and it is used with frequency adverbs such as always, usually, some times, never...
  • present continuous is something punctual or for a period of time, something particular, not habitual.
These are links with exercises to practise:
This link is with an explanation and exercises at the end: click here

martes, 29 de enero de 2019

SELFIE: Encuesta sobre tecnología en la EOI



Can you fill in this survey? It will help us realize what good improvements for the school would be regarding technology. The questionnaire is open until Feb 10.
Thanks for your help.

martes, 22 de enero de 2019

Use of CAN and CAN'T

I told you in class that CAN is a modal so let's see what that means:

  • A modal verb is a verb used to say something in a particular way. It completes or modifies the following verb or action. Here are som examples:
    • Can I have your passport, please?   ----    Permission or request
    • You can't park here.   ----   Prohibition
    • You can buy a present   ----    Possibility
    • She can cook very well   ----   Ability
This modal verb is also an auxiliary so I use it to make questions or in negative forms, but pay attention that the meaning can change if you use it in those ways as you can see in the examples given above.

Another characteristic is the fact that it is followed by infinitive and you don't use -S for 3rd person in singular.

You can do these exercises to practise with this verb:
We'll review this grammar point when we finish with the exam. See you in class!



jueves, 10 de enero de 2019

Starting class after Christmas

We reviewed what we have learnt in class. If you remember there is an example of description of a person in the exam we had before Chistmas and we saw an example in this link.
We have this sample (model) to work with a description. Remember to follow and answer the questions below:
  • Who is this person?
  • What does he/she do 
    • in the morning
    • in the afternoon
    • in the evening
  • What does she/he do in her/his free time?
  • Why is this person so important for you?
We also worked with two typical situations:
  • going shopping to a gift shop to buy some souvenirs: you have this video and this video was taken from our textbook
  • going to a restaurant here


More tips for the exam

Writing: here you are an exa mple of an email with some tips or this one and this example Listening: again go to this link to practise...