jueves, 15 de mayo de 2014

Using First and Second Conditioal Sentences

There are several ways of conditional sentences in English. Here you have a diagram

TYPE
MEANING
IF-CLAUSE
MAIN CLAUSE
Type 0 or
REAL
General truth; you can substitute if for when

Present
If you boil water
Present
it evaporates
Type 1 or 
POSSIBLE/
PROBABLE
Possible condition; it is likely to happen

Present
If I have time
if you have finished your homework
Future
I’ll go to the cinema
I`ll give you a present/you can play with the computer
Type 2 or
UNPROBABLE
Improbable condition; it is very hypothetical that this could happen

Simple past
If I could buy a new car
If I had the money
Simple conditional
I’d take a van
I wouldn't buy a Ferrari


Let's work with some exercises:
There is another link which is not explained in the book but it's imortant to know: UNLESS
This form is the same as if...not; for example: I won't go unless you invite me or You'll have problems unless you do it carefully. If you want to practise, you can use this exercise; click here

Although the second conditional (hypothetical) is mentioned above, we are not going to use them now but in a higher level unless you use it in this way: If I were you, I'd stay at home or If I were Peter, I wouldn't tell her the truth. 

To finish with, here you have the song When a Man Loves a Woman to see examples of what it's been explainded here; click here

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